Tsev > Xov xwm > Ntsiab lus
Lub Tswvyim Tseem Ceeb Ntawm Cov Khoom Tshiab
- Sep 28, 2017 -

Tiam ntawm cov khoom tshiab, ib tiam ntawm cov khoom siv tshiab. Niaj hnub no, cov ntaub ntawv qhia txog kev lag luam tshiab tau nkag ib lub sijhawm tshiab ntawm kev loj hlob sai, raws li kev tsim kho kev lag luam, txhawm rau txhim kho txoj kev lag luam tshiab, txhim kho txoj kev sib tw ntawm lub teb chaws los ua ib feem tseem ceeb ntawm kev siv txoj kev tsim kho kom zoo , Lub Xeev muab qhov "txiav txim siab los tsim cov lag luam kev lag luam tsim qauv" (Guo Fa [2010] 32) yog cov khoom tshiab uas yog "thib ob tsib" lub sij hawm ntawm lub tebchaws tseem ceeb los txhawb txoj kev lag luam. Thaum xyoo 2015, Tuam Tshoj tus tshiab cov ntaub ntawv kev lag luam yuav tsim kom muaj 260 billion zauv tsim, nrog lub zog txuag thiab ib puag ncig tiv thaiv, kev lag luam tshiab, kev lag luam, bio-kev lag luam, aerospace, tub rog, nuclear technology thiab lwm yam kev lag luam siab thiab kev lag luam industries High technology, kev siv cov ntaub ntawv tshiab yog nce thoob plaws, cov ntaub ntawv tshiab kev lag luam yog khi rau flourish. Raws li tus txheeb txhim kho, lub ntiaj teb ua lag luam rau cov ntaub ntawv tshiab, qhov loj ntawm txhua lub xyoo muaj ntau tshaj 400 billion Asmeskas, kev tsim kho cov ntaub ntawv tshiab thiab cov khoom tshiab thiab cov cuab yeej tshiab kom tsav tsheb loj, kev loj hlob sai tshaj txij li lub xyoo pua 21st Ib qho ntawm cov lag luam siab.


Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab yog ib feem tseem ceeb ntawm high-tech, tab sis kuj yog lub hauv paus ntawm high-tech txoj kev loj hlob thiab tus tsav, tab sis kuj mus upgrade cov tsoos industries ntawm kev hloov khoom dua tshiab, kho qhov tseem ceeb rau cov qauv tsim. Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab thiab cov ntaub ntawv siv technology, biotechnology ua ke los ua lub hauv paus rau peb lub ntiaj teb kev lag luam siab, ua tiav kev lag luam, kev tsim kev lag luam thiab kev nyab xeeb kom muaj lub zog tseem ceeb rau kev ruaj ntseg, kev lag luam tshiab tau raug lees paub ua lub ntiaj teb tseem ceeb thiab kev loj hlob tshaj plaws Ib qho ntawm kev lag luam high-tech, nws cov kev tshawb fawb theem thiab qhov kev lag luam ntawm industrialization tau dhau los ua ib qho kev ntsuas ntawm ib lub teb chaws thiab lub cheeb tsam kev lag luam, kev tshawb fawb thiab kev lag luam thiab kev tiv thaiv teb chaws ntawm lub cim tseem ceeb. Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab cov cuab yeej siv ua lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv kev taw qhia, kev txhawb nqa thiab kev sib txuas ntawm lwm cov lag luam. Nws yog qhov txuj ci siab tshaj plaws uas yooj yim siv technology. Qhov tshwm sim ntawm ntau yam loj dua tshiab yog nyob ntawm kev kawm ntawm cov ntaub ntawv siv tshuab.


Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab tuaj yeem raug cais tawm ntawm tus qauv, kev ua haujlwm thiab daim ntawv sau npe, thiab lwm yam. Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab yog tso rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv hluav taws xob, cov ntaub ntawv tshiab, nanomaterials, Cov ntaub ntawv qib siab, cov khoom siv thaav, cov khoom siv tseem ceeb, cov khoom tshiab tsis zoo, thiab lwm yam khoom loj. Ntawm lawv, cov khoom tshiab tsis-ferrous, xws li hmoov metallurgy cov ntaub ntawv, aluminium, magnesium, titanium thiab lwm yam teeb hlau alloy cov ntaub ntawv, siab ua tau zoo cov ntaub ntawv, ultra-ntshiab hlau khoom. Ultra-ntshiab hlau ntaub ntawv muaj ultra-pure cov ntaub ntawv xws li ultrapure tooj liab, zinc, nickel, cobalt, tungsten, molybdenum, manganese, antimony, tellurium, cadmium, silver, titanium thiab lead. Lub purity ntawm ultra-ntshiab hlau khoom yog mus rau huab purification kev loj hlob, cov ntsiab lus impurity ntawm ppb saum toj no, cov khoom specifications mus rau kev coj ntawm kev loj hlob loj.


Tam sim no, lub ntiaj teb cov ntaub ntawv kev kawm yog nkag mus rau lub sijhawm tsis muaj kev tsim kho tshiab thiab kev tsim kho, kev tsim cov ntaub ntawv tshiab rau lub compound, kev ua tau zoo, ntau cov haujlwm, cov cuab yeej tsawg, cov khoom ua tau tsiv mus rau me me, . Nrog rau cov cuab yeej los ntawm kev siv lub tshuab ua haujlwm, kev ua haujlwm ntau, kev ua haujlwm nrog kev sib txuas lus, cov ntaub ntawv haumxeeb, kev sib koom ua haujlwm ntau, kev koom ua ke ntawm cov khoom siv thiab cov cuab yeej ua tseem ceeb, uas tuaj yeem txhim kho cov khoom ua tau zoo thiab txo nqi.


Hauv kev pom ntawm cov khoom siv cuab yeej cuab tam ntawm kev ua lag luam hauv lub teb chaws ua si loj heev hauv kev txhawb nqa lub ntiaj teb cov teb chaws muab qhov tseem ceeb rau txoj kev loj hlob thiab kev txhawb nqa cov khoom siv technology. Lub teb chaws Asmeskas, Nyiv, Lub teb chaws Yelemees thiab lwm lub teb chaws tau tsim kom muaj kev lag luam thiab kev coj ua thawj coj, muaj cov ntaub ntawv tshiab tshawb nrhiav thiab kev loj hlob raws li lub tswv yim tseem ceeb hauv lub teb chaws, tsim lub tswv yim zoo, thiab nws lub hom phiaj rau kev txhawb nqa thiab kev tsim kho. Tuam Tshoj tus "thib ob tsib" txoj kev npaj yuav yog cov ntaub ntawv tshiab, lub zog tshiab, cov tsheb tshiab, kev txuag hluav taws xob thiab kev tiv thaiv ib puag ncig, biotechnology, ib tiam tshiab ntawm cov ntaub ntawv siv tshuab, cov cuab yeej tsim khoom thiab lwm yam kev lag luam li xya lub tswv yim tsim lag luam, xya qhov kev lag luam loj Kev sib raug zoo tuaj yeem pom tau tias cov khoom siv tshiab yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov tuam txhab rau cov lag luam thiab cov kev lag luam ntawm kev lag luam los ntawm cov kev lag luam los ntawm kev lag luam tshiab.


Tuam Tshoj tus tshiab cov ntaub ntawv kev lag luam yog nyob rau hauv ib lub zog theem ntawm txoj kev loj hlob, cov zis ua lag luam tseem nthuav dav, cov chaw sib koom ua lag ua luam ntxiv mus, ntxiv kev koom ua lag luam thiab nqhis dej lag luam, kev loj hlob ntawm qhov chaw loj, ntau lub lag luam loj thiab khoom txhawb, xws li semiconductor Cov ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb tshiab, cov khoom sib nqus khoom thiab thiaj tsis tuaj yeem muab cais tawm ntawm qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev siv technology tshiab. Txawm li cas los, Tuam Tshoj txoj kev tshawb nrhav technology thiab kev loj hlob pib lig, tsis muaj peev xwm ua lag luam, tsis muaj peev nqis, tab sis nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los, kev loj hlob sai, tab sis piv nrog Western tsim lub teb chaws, tseem muaj kev sib txawv.


Lub National Bureau of Statistics tau tso tawm cov "Kev Tsim Nyog Uas Tsim Kev Lag Luam Kev Lag Luam (2012)" hauv lub Kaum Ob Hlis 2012 nrog rau cov ntaub ntawv muaj hlau-purity rau cov khoom lag luam zoo tshaj plaws hauv cov khoom tshiab.


High purity metal yog ib qho tseem ceeb hauv kev tsim cov khoom siv hlau, thiab nws cov cuab yeej lim huv si yog ib qho chaw nyob hauv cov khoom tshiab. Tam sim no tsis muaj cov neeg lag luam yuav tsim cov khoom loj tshaj ntawm cov khoom siv ntau tshaj 6N hlau-purity. Dr. Chen Dongsheng, uas tau coj kev tshawb fawb txog kev tshawb fawb ntawm nws tus kheej tsim tsim lub cim plaub ntawm ammonia ultra-purification technology, ua tiav tiav 6N qib siab ultra-pure hlau nplai, tsim kom muaj daim ntawv dawb, yuav tsum tau tawg lub tsev siab-purity cov ntaub ntawv hlau mus sij hawm ntev dependence ntawm imports Embarrassing teeb meem.


"Suav yog lub zog, tab sis nws tsis yog lub hwj chim, cov khoom lag luam tshiab tsis tau nkag mus los ntawm kev pab cuam-intensive mus rau kev lag luam-intensive, los ntawm kev ua hauj lwm-intensive mus rau economic hloov txav" Cov


Henan lub teb chaws Xi yuav tsum yog lub caij tshiab ntawm kev lag luam kev lag luam kev tsim kho, lub xeev xwm ceev, raws li kev tshawb fawb thiab kev tsim kho, cov khoom siv ultra-pure hauv cov tshuab loj-tsim tsim tau kev ua tiav, peb lub tuam txhab muaj thawj , ua kev lag luam thoob ntiaj teb kev lag luam Ultra-purification technology, nrog cov cuab yeej cuab tam cov cuab yeej cuab tam, thawj hauv lub teb chaws mus nqa tawm ntawm zinc, tooj, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese thiab lwm yam hlau cov ntsiab lus ntawm industrialization thiab scale ntawm kev tsim kho thiab kev txhim kho, ua kom tiav cov khoob khoob, Kev Tshawb Fawb thiab kev siv cuab yeej technology ntawm cov neeg ua lag luam, rhuav tshem cov teb chaws Western nyob rau Suav teb cov kev siv technology, tsim ib lub teb chaws ntawm cov khoom siv hlau ultra-ntshiab, lub caij tshiab.


Lub tuam txhab kev tsim lub hom phiaj yog mus sib ntaus hauv tsib lub xyoos, lub tuam txhab yuav sib ntaus sib tua tshaj plaws, ntau tshaj plaws ntawm cov khoom siv hlau ntshiab ultra-ntshiab ntau lawm, qhov chaw ntiav cov khoom siv ultra-ntshiab hlau khoom. Shorten qhov sib txawv ntawm Tuam Tshoj tus tshiab cov ntaub ntawv cuab yeej technology thiab tsim lub teb chaws, thiab sib zog ua kom huav lub zog ntawm "khoom siv zog" rau "khoom siv zog" hloov, txhawb kev txhim kho ntawm cov kev lag luam, cov ntaub ntawv qib siab kev lag luam los pab nplua nuj lub teb chaws lub zog.